Medicine and Sexuality

15771 GEORGIA’S ANTI-SODOMY LAW. Discusses the paternalistic and moralistic arguments that were used to support the law before it was overturned in 1998. The views of Patrick Devlin, H.L.A. Hart, J. S. Mill and Gerald Dworkin are included. Written 2002. 7 pages, 18 footnotes, 5 bibliographic sources.

15760 RAPE: A MULTIFACETED AND VARIED CRIME. Beginning with a discussion of acquaintance rape (date and marital) and then considering homosexual rape and the major varieties of stranger rape, this paper makes general distinctions between several different categories of rape and provides background information on the characteristics of the rapists who commit these rapes. Considers the major factors which differentiate types of rape and rapists and provides an overview of FBI classification schemes and pattern rapists, including the serial rapists and the sex killer. Written 2002. 12 pages, 33 footnotes, 15 bibliographic sources.

15759 RAPE AND RAPISTS: AN OVERVIEW. Following a brief definition of rape and a discussion of some of the methodological difficulties in studying rape behavior and rapists, the investigation provides a summary overview of the varieties of rape (e.g., acquaintance rape, stranger rape, male-on-male rape) and types of rapists (e.g., date rapists, serial rapists, sadistic rapists, classification schemes), and then considers the causes of rape, looking at co-factors in rape behavior, antecedents in rape, and psychological, social, and biological theories which attempt to explain rape behavior. Written 2002. 11 pages, 63 footnotes, 40 bibliographic sources.

15698 CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE: ARE THE CONSEQUENCES ALWAYS CATASTROPHIC? Based on a review of the academic literature, this investigation provides an overview and analysis of the long-term consequences of child sexual abuse for the adult of survivors of that abuse. In addition to examining studies which point to particular areas of impact and studies which consider mitigating factors in the negative outcomes of CSA, the analysis reviews studies which challenge the common wisdom concerning CSA as a unilaterally harmful experience. Written 2002. 11 pages, 49 footnotes, 22 bibliographic sources.

15696 GAY TEENS: SEXUAL IDENTITY FORMATION IN THE HIGH SCHOOL YEARS. This paper explores gay and lesbian sexual identity formation during the high school years, looking at how high school youth come to their gay and lesbian sexual identities – the pressures, involved, the biases they encounter, their influences, how their friends and parents react, the process of “coming out,” etc. The analysis draws on a review of the academic literature on gay sexual identity formation in the high school years as well as anecdotal and first-person accounts from gay and lesbian youth. Written 2002. 11 pages, 43 footnotes, 23 bibliographic sources.

15632 RAPISTS: TYPES, CO-FACTORS, AND ANTECEDENTS. After briefly identifying the differences between rapists and other sexual offenders and providing a general overview of the heterogeneity of rapists, this paper discusses some of the major typologies or schemata used to categorize rapists and explores some of the psychological, environmental, and other antecedent factors which appear to be associated with rape and rapists. Written 2002. 8 pages, 41 footnotes, 16 bibliographic sources.

15631 EXPLAINING RAPE: CURRENT AND EMERGING MODELS. This paper provides an overview and analysis of the current and emerging explanations for rape. The first part of the analysis focuses on recent literature concerning biological/genetic theories of rape. The second part of the analysis reviews a broad range of single-factor and multiple-factor theories of rape, including psychodynamic theory, personality theory, sexual preference theory, feminist theory, socio-biological theory, and integrative theories. Written 2002. 15 pages, 96 footnotes, 37 bibliographic sources.

15568 HOMOSEXUALITY AND LESBIANISM IN PRE-MODERN EUROPEAN HISTORY. There is a debate among scholars over why homosexual behaviors were condemned by both Church and society after the 14th Century. Male homosexual behavior in particular, was severely prosecuted from the 14th Century through the 19th Century. Lesbians were generally more tolerated during that time; however, it is argued that this was due mainly to women’s lives in general being ignored in the male dominated European society. Written 2002. 10 pages, 35 footnotes, 8 bibliographic sources.

15516 THE REPUTED SEXUAL AFFAIRS OF AMERICAN PRESIDENTS. A paper on the alleged extramarital affairs of various presidents, including (among others) Jefferson, Cleveland, Franklin Roosevelt, Eisenhower, and especially Harding, Kennedy and Clinton. In addition, the differing views of historians on these alleged affairs are discussed. Written 2002. 13 pages, 35 footnotes, 12 bibliographic sources.

15432. ADOLESCENT HOMOSEXUALITY: THE ROLE FOR FAMILY THERAPISTS. This paper focuses on the much neglected topic of adolescent homosexuality from the perspective of the family therapist. The analysis examines the issues of gay adolescent sexual identity formation, “coming out” to parents and parents’ reaction to the disclosure that their child is homosexual, family relations (particularly child-parent) through the gay life cycle and their impact on homosexual couples, and the appropriate role(s) for family therapists in conducting therapy with gays and their families. 12 pages, 29 footnotes, 19 bibliographic references.

15223. CHILD ABUSE IN RELIGIOUS SETTINGS. Studies have shown that there is actually more child abuse among certain mainstream Christian religions than among Satanic worshippers. This paper discusses the three major types of abuse in religious settings (physical abuse, medical neglect, and sexual abuse by religious authorities), as well as how the religious community should respond to the problem. 7 pages, 24 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.

15193. SHAKESPEARE’S DEPICTIONOF FEMALE SEXUALITY. This paper looks at how Shakespeare treated women’s sexuality in six plays: Romeo and Juliet, Othello, Hamlet, Antony and Cleopatra, The Winter’s Tale and The Tempest. These plays show a wide variety of ways in which women express their sexuality; in addition they show that male dominance has a negative effect on women and their ability to express themselves. 14 pages, 40 footnotes, 13 bibliographic references.

15179. ERIK ERIKSON ON INFANTILE SEXUALITY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT. Discusses Erikson’s Freudian perspective on the issue, and argues that his 8 Stages of Development is a useful model. However, also criticizes Erikson’s speculations and assumptions and his use of gender stereotypes in interpreting data. 6 pages 14 footnotes, 2 bibliographic references.

15168. THE EMERGENCE OF AIDS IN THE EARLY 1980S, AND ITS IMPACT ON THE GAY/LESBIAN COMMUNITY. At first, shock and denial, as well as economic and political concerns, caused the community to not react appropriately to the crisis. However, by the end of the decade, the gay and lesbian community was actively involved in AIDS education and caring for victims. 6 pages, 17 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.


13944 HINDU MARRIAGE RITUALS. This paper discusses the various rituals that occur before and during a typical Hindu wedding ceremony. Included are references to the rituals’ religious significance, and how they symbolically join the bride and groom into a “single body.” 10 pages, 54 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references.

13783 MEN DOMINATING MEN: MALE RAPE. A paper which explores the sociology and psychology of male rape, primarily as it occurs in prisons and jails. Argues that male rape, as a crime mainly committed by heterosexual men against other men, is a reflection of the broader culture of sexual aggression and hostility towards women. 6 pages, 14 footnotes, 6 bibliographic sources.

13610. AMERICA’S ATTITUDES ON THE RIGHT OF HOMOSEXUALS TO ADOPT. Analyzes data from opinion polls, research studies and court decisions to see if attitudes have changed recently. Finds that, although Americans have become more positive about homosexuals having equal rights in family-related issues, such as adoption. 9 pages, 30 footnotes, 11 bibliographic references.

13326. IS HETEROSEXUALITY GENETICALLY ENGINEERED? Considers whether or not humans are ‘genetically engineered’ to form heterosexual bonds based on the evidence of chimpanzees. Drawing on the sociobiological and primatology literature, argues that despite genetic influences, heterosexual bonding is primarily a process of enculturation. 6 pages, 5 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references.

13162. SAME-SEX MARRIAGES AND DOMESTIC PARTNER BENEFITS. Analyzes the pro and con views on this issue and argues that not allowing same-sex marriages is a form of discrimination. Also argues that providing domestic partner benefits is good for business, and notes that many companies and city governments have started providing such benefits. 26 pages, 73 footnotes, 15 bibliographic references.

13282. SEXUALITY, SEXUAL BEHAVIOR AND RACE/ETHNICITY. This report provides a survey and overview of recent literature on racial differences in sexuality. The first section examines what has historically been the major focus of attention among sexuality researchers who have investigated racial issues: comparisons of sexuality between Caucasian and African-Americans. The next section reviews the literature on Asian and Hispanic sexuality, particularly as it compares to sexual behaviors among White and Black Americans. A concluding section discusses explanations for racial differences in sexuality. 12 pages, 134 footnotes, 35 bibliographic references.

13187. CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE. From the perspective of a social worker, examines the various signs of sexual abuse and the family situations that increase the potential for abuse. Also discusses the attitudes of offenders, the expected behaviors of sexually abused children, and various approaches to treatment. 10 pages, 27 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.

13183. SAME-SEX MARRIAGES AND DOMESTIC PARTNER BENEFITS. Analyzes the pro and con views on this issue and argues that not allowing same-sex marriages is a form of discrimination. Also argues that providing domestic partner benefits is good for business, and notes that many companies and city governments have started providing such benefits. 26 pages, 73 footnotes, 15 bibliographic references.

13137. EXPLAINING RACIAL DIFFERENCES IN SEXUAL BEHAVIOR. Following a brief review of the significant research findings on racial differences in sexual behavior, this paper provides a review and analysis of the scholarly literature which attempts to explain these differences. Considers arguments that race explains all differences, arguments that social, environmental and/or familial factors explain the divergences, and more recent arguments of multi-factor causality. 12 pages, 54 footnotes, 33 bibliographic references.

12731. COMPARISON OF MALE & FEMALE DEVELOPMENT IN TWO BOOKS: SEASONS OF A MAN’S LIFE & WOMEN’S WAYS OF KNOWING. A comparison of the views in The Seasons of a Man’s Life (Levinson, et al.) and Women’s Ways of Knowing (Belenky, et al.). It is indicated that adult development in men undergoes four distinct periods (or “seasons”). By contrast, development in adult women involves a five-step process of finding a unique sense of self (or “voice”). 11 pages, 51 footnotes, 2 bibliographic references.

12705. NEGATIVE INFLUENCE OF THE MASS MEDIA ON TEENAGE SEX. Argues that the media glorifies premarital sex and thereby encourages sexual activity and irresponsible views in young people. Also expresses concern over increased references to premarital sex in the media, and calls for more research in the area as well as programs for educating young people on the true risks involved. 10 pages, 32 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references.

12577. HOMOSEXUALITY: A COMPARISON OF WESTERN AND EASTERN VIEWPOINTS. Whereas the Christian view tends to condemn homosexuality, the Eastern (especially Buddhist) view is more tolerant and accepting. The paper also argues that Western persecution is due to social and political reasons rather than religious reasons. 10 pages, 27 footnotes, 9 bibliographic references.

12576. AN ARGUMENT AGAINST TEENAGE SEX. Discusses such threats as disease, pregnancy, and negative personal and social consequences. Urges that abstinence should be taught rather than “safe-sex”. 10 pages, 35 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references.

12531. FREUD AND FOUCAULT ON SEX AND LOVE. Discussion of how these thinkers viewed the repression of sexuality in modern times. Both agreed that repression gives rise to “perversions,” even though a multiplicity of sexual orientations is actually normal. 6 pages, 25 footnotes, 2 bibliographic references.

12297. SEX IN AMERICA: A DEFINITIVE SURVEYBY MICHAEL, GAGNON, LAUMANN AND KOLATA. A summary and critical analysis of this 1994 book which reports the results of a 1992 national survey of adult sexuality. Praises the study for its scientific methodology and notes the significance of the findings in contributing to a more accurate (versus that found in the media and through previous studies) impression of American sexuality and for the creation of a profile of the American sexual marketplace.” Concludes, however, that this survey is by no means a “definitive” study, noting numerous limitations, omissions, and missed opportunities. 11 pages, 15 footnotes, 1 bibliographic reference.

11962. SEX, PORNOGRAPHY, AND THE INTERNET. See Section 23E — Math and Computers. 5 pages, 15 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.

11945 WORK AND ROMANCE: A BAD MIX. 6 pages, 24 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references. See Section 5A.1 — Personnel Management and Employee Motivation.

11866. PROSTITUTION IN THE ANCIENT WORLD. 10 pages, 43 footnotes, 10 bibliographic references. See Section 10D – European History to 1500.

11697 DEVELOPMENT OF GENDER IDENTITY. See Section 20F. 10 pages, 4 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.

11611. GAY BASHING. Investigates gay bashing in contemporary American society. Following a review of trends (incidence, settings) and victim demographics, the analysis focuses on the perpetrators: their demographic composition, their modis operandi, and their motivations. 11 pages, 32 footnotes, 18 bibliographic references.

11603. THE SEARCH FOR THE CAUSES OF HOMOSEXUALITY. See Section 20B. 10 pages, 39 footnotes, 26 bibliographic references.

11413. GAY AND LESBIAN TEENS: THE HIGH SCHOOL EXPERIENCE. See Section 22D. 5 pages, 19 footnotes, 12 bibliographic references.

11311. ABUSIVE FAMILIES AND CHILDREN’S SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT See Section 22D. 5 pages, 25 footnotes, 12 bibliographic references.

11310. TRADITIONAL MODELS OF PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT See Section 20F. 13 pages, 29 footnotes, 14 bibliographic references.

11309. PARENTAL INFLUENCES ON CHILDREN’S PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT See Section 20F. 15 pages, 49 footnotes, 32 bibliographic references.

11308. NON-TRADITIONAL PARENTS AND CHILDREN’S SEXUALITY See Section 20F. 12 pages, 51 footnotes, 24 bibliographic references.

11307. THE IMPORTANCE OF ATTACHMENT IN PSYCHOSEXUAL DEVELOPMENT See Section 20F. 6 pages, 18 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references.

11248. ATTITUDES TOWARD SEXUALITY, LOVE, AND TRANSCENDENCE IN CLASSICAL LITERATURE AND CHRISTIAN MYSTICS. See Section 18A. 15 pages, 20 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references.

11121. TRENDS IN MARRIAGE, DIVORCE, AND REMARRIAGE See Section 22D. 10 pages, 30 footnotes, 10 bibliographic references.

11022. PRISON RAPE See Section 6B. 7 pages, 10 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.

10695. GAYS IN THE MILITARY: A THREAT TO THE MILITARY MISSION. See Section 22D. 11 pages, 34 footnotes, 29 bibliographic references.

10692. GAYS IN THE MILITARY. See Section 22D. 18 pages, 52 footnotes, 29 bibliographic references.

10691. THE ARGUMENT AGAINST ALLOWING GAYS IN THE MILITARY. See Section 22D. 6 pages, 17 footnotes, 29 bibliographic references.

10690. THE ARGUMENT IN FAVOR OF LIFTING THE BAN ON GAYS IN THE MILITARY. See Section 22D. 7 pages, 21 footnotes, 29 bibliographic references.

10689. GAYS IN THE MILITARY: TIME TO LIFT THE BAN. See Section 22D. 11 pages, 35 footnotes, 29 bibliographic references.

10075. IN FAVOR OF GAY TEACHERS. 7 pages, 12 footnotes, 10 bibliographic references. See section 22D.

09756. DIVORCE AND REMARRIAGE IN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. 15 pages, 18 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references. See Section 21A.

09579. BESTIALITY. Analyzes the practice of bestiality, including its definition, history, incidence, and possible causes. Cites case studies and anecdotal reports. 5 pages, 18 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.

09524. EXTRAMARITAL SEX: A SYMBOL, NOT A CAUSE, OF MARITAL INSTABILITY. Reviews the literature on the characteristics, occurrence, and outcomes of marital sexual infidelity and concludes that extramarital sex can be better viewed as an effect, not a cause, of marital instability. 5 pages, 12 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references.

09478. INCEST AND HUMAN SEXUALITY. Considers social, educational, psychological, and legal problems posed by incest. Focusing on non-consensual incest, the sexual abuse of children by family members, the essay argues that incest represents a serious and pervasive social problem which has been “in the closet” for too long. 12 pages, 16 footnotes, 9 bibliographic references.

09477. THE COURAGE TO HEAL: WOMEN SURVIVORS OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE. 4 pages, 4 footnotes, 1 bibliographic reference. See Section 22D.

09387. CHILD CUSTODY BY HOMOSEXUAL PARENTS. A position paper arguing that the sexual preference of a parent should not be an issue in determining child custody. Presents arguments for the other side. 6 pages, 6 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references.

09386. PROBLEMS IN PATRIARCHAL DEFINITIONS OF SEXUALITY. Argues in support of the position that sexuality must be redefined to escape from the dominance/submission model that equates sexuality with conquest. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references.

09385. ANDROGYNY. Argues the position that changes in sex roles towards a more androgynous stance, are positive in the long-term, although they may create disturbances in the short-term. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.

09370. IS HOMOSEXUALITY NATURAL OR UNNATURAL? A survey of research into sex-role and sex-orientation in human development; argues that homosexuality is not unnatural, but rather a variation in the spectrum of gender identities. 6 pages, 8 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references.

09356. STEREOTYPING OF WOMEN’S SEX ROLES IN ART, MUSIC AND TV COMMERCIALS. 8 pages, 11 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references. See Section 24.

09320. SEX EDUCATION AND THE FAMILY. 5 pages, 9 footnotes, 12 bibliographic references. See Section 22D.

09252. A COMPARISON OF MARRIAGE IN THE U.S. AND KOREA. 15 pages, 24 footnotes, 16 bibliographic references. See Section 25E.

09251. LIFETIME MONOGAMY IS UNNATURAL. Argues that lifetime monogamy among humans is both biologically unnatural and impractical. Serial monogamy is viewed as a viable alternative to monogamy. 6 pages, 13 footnotes, 10 bibliographic references.

09228. SEXUAL MORES IN THE 1980S. The writer’s personal views on sexuality, its risks and its rewards. Takes the position that sex of any kind is OK as long as the partners involved agree to the activity. Draws upon a range of popular literature. 5 pages, 10 footnotes, 10 bibliographic references.

09227. CHANGING SEX ROLES. 5 pages, 8 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references. See Section 24.

08974. SURROGATE MOTHERING SHOULD BE OUTLAWED 7 pages, 9 footnotes, 13 bibliographic references. See Section 22D.

08705. CONSEQUENCES OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE. 10 pages, 7 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references. See section 22D.

08669. SEX EDUCATION: NOT JUST THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE FAMILY. An essay arguing that based upon the growing threat of AIDS and the dramatic rise in teenage pregnancy, sex education should not be left to the family alone to take care of. Cooperation of school, community and family is needed. 8 pages, 20 footnotes, 18 bibliographic references.

08666. MORAL ISSUES IN ALTERNATIVE BIRTH METHODS. 10 pages, 17 footnotes, 9 bibliographic references. See section 18D.

08519. SEXUAL HARASSMENT: IMPLICATIONS OF VINSON V. TAYLOR. 9 pages, 14 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references. See section 24.

08027.WOMEN IN ISLAM: SEX ROLES IN TRANSITION. 14 pages, 29 footnotes, 9 bibliographic references. See section 25D.

07711. THE REVIVAL OF TRADITIONAL MARRIAGE IN AMERICA. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 3 bibliographic references. See section 22D.

07710. TRENDS IN AMERICAN MARRIAGE. 5 pages, 5 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references. See section 22D.

07602. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LOVE AND SEX. Personal essay using the thoughts of Leo Buscaglia and Shere Hite to discuss the tangled connections between love and sex, and hoping for the new generation to find a new level of maturity which is based on love yet unafraid of sex, and able to form committed long-term relationships. 5 pages, 6 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references.

07394. NORMALITY AND SEXUAL PREFERENCE. The concept of normality and the social pressures related to sexual preference are discussed. 5 pages, 3 footnotes, 2 bibliographic references.

07255.LOVE AND SEX. The relationship between sexuality and emotional intimacy is examined in terms of romance and realism. 5 pages, 4 footnotes, 4 bibliographic references.

07253. HOMOSEXUALITY: A HISTORY OF CAUSAL THEORIES. Very detailed, well-written study of ancient and modern explanations of homosexuality, concentrating on the modern era of psychological explanations for homosexuality as a disease. Includes a review of sources used, from both medical-psychological and gay liberation literatures. Finds a full circle from ancient explanations of natural, undifferentiated eroticism through theories of sin and back to undifferentiated eroticism. 23 pages, 27 footnotes, 17 bibliographic references.

07250. THE SOCIAL STATUS OF HOMOSEXUALS: AN ORIGINAL RESEARCH STUDY. Very good study of current attitudes of male and female homosexuals towards participation in the larger society, including original interviews with San Francisco homosexuals by female heterosexual author. Very good use of psychological vocabulary. Good combination of book research with interviews to establish that neither male nor female homosexuals wish to assimilate to larger culture, finding all they need in their own subculture. 15 pages, 8 bibliographic references. Notes in text.

07083A. EMOTIONAL RELATIONSHIPS. This paper examines and defines the nature of lust, romantic love, and an enduring relationship. Considers the limits to lust as the basis of a relationship, and a human being’s desire to settle down in a steady relationship. 5 pages, bibliographic reference.

06583. SEX EDUCATION IN THE FAMILY. A thorough study of the history and role of sex education in the family, contrasting the Victorian attitude of silence with today’s open discussion of the problem. The views of Freud, Kinsey, and more recent researchers are commented on in this pro-education paper. 14 pages, 24 footnotes, 8 bibliographic references.

06540. LOVE AND HUMAN RELATIONS. An interesting study of the significance of love in the life of the well-integrated human being; theories of self-esteem, conditioned behavior, and other means of reconnecting with the ability to love are looked at. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 4 bibliographic references.

05785. PREMARITAL SEX AND THE CATHOLIC CHURCH. 7 pages, 4 footnotes, 4 bibliographic references. See section 21A, Judeo-Christian religion.

05712. HOMOSEXUALITY AND CHRISTIANITY. The changing attitude of some parts of the Church are examined in the light of wider social acceptance of homosexuality and the existence of an urban gay subculture. 6 pages, 7 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.

05666. PRE-MARITAL SEX. Moral and cultural values in relation to this question are reviewed. Discursive and some bizarre examples are used in evidence. 12 pages, 10 footnotes, 1 bibliographic reference.

05580. OLDER WOMAN, YOUNG MAN. 5 pages, 10 footnotes, 3 bibliographic references. See Section 24, Women’s Studies.

05515. GAY PARENTS AND CHILD CUSTODY. A review of the social and legal aspects of this problem given changing attitudes. 8 pages, bibliographic reference.

05513. SEX, FOR PROCREATION, EXPRESSION, AFFECTION OR FUN? A review of traditional and modern attitudes to sex. 12 pages, 14 footnotes, 3 bibliographic references.

05382. THE FIRST AMENDMENT AND PORNOGRAPHY. 5 pages, bibliographic reference. See Section 6A, General Law.

04956. SEX EDUCATION AND THE TEENAGER. A concise book review of a collection of fifteen short articles on sex education in the United States. Problems of illegitimacy, sexual hypocrisy and codes of behavior are considered. 5 pages, 1 bibliographic reference.

04900. HUMAN SEXUALITY. A comparative study of the concept of human sexuality in the Christian, Islamic and Judaic myths, focusing on creation, love, sex and the family in each. Concepts of sin and guilt in Christianity are looked at in particular, and compared to the sensuality of Islam and the family emphasis of Judaism. 10 pages, 7 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references.

04759. GOVERNMENT-SPONSORED VOLUNTARY STERILIZATION. Good discussion of the pros and cons of heavy-handed “voluntary” sterilization: some population control is definitely needed by poor countries, but potentials for genocide, etc., are obvious. Writer argues for ways to spread sterilization among social classes. 6 pages, 6 footnotes, 5 bibliographic references.

04594. HOMOSEXUALITY. , Basic sympathetic overview of the causes and needs of homosexuality in our society; gently rejects theories that it might be any sort of deviance, prefers explanation that it is “normal for some people who are not afflicted with deep conflicts.” Argues for a more open environment for homosexuals in everyday life. 11 pages, 17 footnotes, 7 bibliographic references.

04315. PHYSICAL ATTRACTION AND ATTITUDE CHANGE. 10 pages, 8 bibliographic references. See Psychology: Social Psychology, Section 20D.

04177. THE PARENT AND HOME IN SEX ROLE SOCIALIZATION. Very good, brief but solid criticism of social science dogmas about the process of sex role socialization; based C. Stoll’s Female and Male, the paper shows that no theory yet advanced shows exactly how sex roles are learned. 5 pages, 11 footnotes, 1 bibliographic reference.

02589. HOMOSEXUALITY IN AMERICAN PRISONS. 10 pages, 16 footnotes, 10 bibliographic references. See Criminology and Law: Penology and Police Science, Section 6B

02505. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: PORNOGRAPHY AND SEX EDUCATION. See Education, Section 8. 7 pages, bibliographic reference.

01509. THE SEXUAL REVOLUTION — A PHILOSOPHICAL POINT OF VIEW. Original, knowledgeable discussion of the sexual revolution, focusing on the idea that a “Thou Must” ethic is taking the place of a “Thou Shalt Not” ethic; provides evidence of hatred of the opposite sex by both men and women from contemporary literature and thought, argues for choosing respect for other human beings. 8 pages, 11 footnotes, 7 bibliographic references.

01091. MEXICAN-AMERICAN SEXUAL ATTITUDES. 8 pages, 3 bibliographic references. See Sociology: Minorities Other Than Blacks, Section 22C.

00744. DEVELOPING SEX ROLES IN CHILDHOOD. 8 pages, 5 footnotes, 55 bibliographic references. See Education, Section 8.

00736. SEX ROLE TRAINING OF YOUNG CHILDREN. Good concise overview of how children learn sex roles through the socialization process; parental attitudes, role reinforcement, sex role stereotypes, influence of the media, possible problems, later childhood and early adulthood also mentioned. 10 pages, 14 footnotes, 4 bibliographic references.

00549. REMARKS ON GAY LIBERATION. A very good view of the gay liberation movement from the inside, very thorough on the goals, actions, and shortcomings of the movement through 1972. Includes history of gay activism 1948-1972, good discussion of psychological and cultural tensions endemic among gays, much on the need for gays to work together and not be ashamed. Could use update, considering that all the trends mentioned have continued to grow. 23 pages, 11 footnotes, 6 bibliographic references.

00272. EROS AND THE MODERN WORLD. The conflict of Eros with sexual anxiety and the modern condition is discussed, and authorities from Socrates to Rollo May are cited. 4 pages, bibliographic reference.

00158. BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION IN SEXUAL THERAPY. A summary of how and why Masters and Johnson engage in behavior modification (or in other words relearning of sexual techniques, attitudes and actions) in the campaign for a more mutual orgasm. 11 pages, 17 footnotes, 2 bibliographic references.

53430. AGE AT MARRIAGE AND FERTILITY. 7 pages, 9 footnotes, 7 bibliographic references. See Women’s Studies, Section 24.

53215. COUPLES BY JOHN UPDIKE. 12 pages, 2 bibliographic references. See Literature: American Fiction 1900 to Present, Section 14 bibliographic references.

52224. MEXICAN-AMERICAN AND SEXUALITY. Good basic overview of sex roles and standards in Mexican culture (using sources from both sides of the border); focuses on the male’s obsession with “machismo” and virility, and how this is used to dominate and oppress women in reality and exalt them in theory. 8 pages, footnotes, 7 bibliographic references.